Additionally, a company with a limited operating history may not have a reasonable basis to present a financial forecast beyond one year. Generally, pro forma financial statements tend to portray a business as being more successful than it really is, and having more financial resources available than may actually be the case. Consequently, investors should be extremely cautious when evaluating these types of financial statements, and spend time understanding how they differ from the issuing firm’s normal financial statements. If so, they may issue pro forma financial statements that include the corrections they believe are necessary to provide a better view of the business.
If interim period balance sheets were submitted, the company should pick up from where they left off. If it is an annual period, the document should also align with the company’s filed GAAP-approved financial statements. One of the most important uses of pro forma reports is related to decision-making and strategic planning efforts. For example, you might create pro forma financial statements to reflect the outcomes of three investment scenarios for your business. Doing so can allow you to conduct a side-by-side comparison of possible outcomes to determine which is favorable and guide your planning process. Essentially, pro forma financial statements are financial reports based on hypothetical scenarios that utilize assumptions or financial projections.
Forecasts for Results of a Merger or Acquisition
3440.1Statements of estimated taxable operating results and cash to be made available by operations are required in pro forma statements for real estate and leasing operations. These should be pro forma statements of the registrant, rather than of the property, giving effect to the acquisition. 3240.4Pro forma information may be in condensed form (similar to interim financial statements required in Form 10-Q) which reflects only those numbered captions of Regulation S‑X.
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Pro Forma Earnings Per Share
For publicly-held companies, the SEC requires an introductory paragraph showing the proposed transactions, the company, the period covered, and what the pro forma information describes. The SEC also requires the pro forma balance sheet, pro forma income statement(s), and explanatory notes that provide adjustment justifications and pertinent detail. The pro forma financial pro forma financial statements information should be presented in columns and show the condensed historical amounts, the pro forma adjustments, and the pro forma amounts. GAAP-conforming financial statements must be included with pro forma submissions. According to the SEC, this does not take the place of the pro forma balance sheet, but the pro forma income statement may be withheld.
It would also have additional cash outflows funding the extra purchase orders and paying the interest and principle on the new debt. Keep in mind, expenses can be fixed or variable, and they are calculated as a percentage of sales. You can calculate a base percentage of sales by averaging sales over a certain time frame, and then use that percentage to estimate your projections.